Geophysical Journal | 2001 volume 23 ¹4

Kiev: geology and geophysics of the environment and factors unfavourable for it

© V.I. Starostenko, P.I. Baran, N.E. Barschevsky, B.A. Gorlitsky, M.G. Demchishin, C.P. Ivanchenko, A.V. Kendzera, V.P. Kobolev, V.V. Kutas, S.P. Levashöv, V.I. Lalko, G.F. Nesterenko, V.D. Omelchenko, V.P. Palienko, V.F. Rybin, N.T. Sergienko, R.A. Spitsa, V.K. Sushko, V.I. Chernokon, 2001

The data on the state and the processes of the geological medium of the city that violate the stability and the steadfast functioning of the natural and the technogenic bodies are presented. Bodies of high hazard have been defined. Geological structure, tectonic conditions and seismicity of the territory of the city, geomorphological, engineering-geological, hydrogeological conditions, their changes under the effect of urbanization have been considered. Geodynamic process manifestation features have been studied. Parameters that can be used to examine the possibilities of the appearance of destructive and emergency situations in the geologic medium in the Kiev area have been determined. The expediency of forming a geodynamic proving ground in the Kiev territory for a combined (geophysical, geodetic, geomorphological, hydrogeological, radiological) monitoring of the geologic medium of the city has been founded.

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