Problems of preservation of architectural heritage of Kiev historical center under conditions of growing ecological-technogenic risk
© Starostenko V.I., Antonyuk A.E., Demchyshyn M.G., Dyshlyk A.P., Kendzera A.V., Krivosheev P.I., Levashov S.P., Lyalko V.I., Maslov Yu.A., Matveev I.V., Mychak A.G., Omelchenko V.D., Orlenko N.I., Rybin V.F., Slusarenko Yu.S., Sokovnina N.H., Teremenko O.M.
The substantial part of the historical centre of Kiev with the architectural heritage is located in the zones of a geological risk, i.e. zones of the development of the dangerous natural and technogenic processes. The town-building activity without taking into account the geological risk can considerably decrease the effectiveness of the efforts for the heritage conservation. The problem is that to the risk decrease and to increase the heritage stability and the steady existence of the objects with a common infrastructure. At the basis of the concept is stated a forestall strategy, a monitoring of the surrounding and the heritage objects with use of the contemporary technologies. There are represented the special features of the program - purposive approach to the solution of the problem of the preservation and conservation of the architectural heritage at the urbanized territory under the conditions of the increasing ecological and technogenic risk of the geological environment. The special feature of this approach is a consideration of the significant role of the upper lithosphere for the stability of the bases of the architectural heritage and the ground-based technosphere of the city.