Heterogeneous structure of the lithosphere in the Black Sea from a multidisciplinary analysis of geophysical fields
© V.I. Starostenko, O.M. Rusakov, I.K. Pashkevich, R.I. Kutas, I.B. Makarenko,
O.V. Legostaeva, T.V. Lebed, A.S. Savchenko, 2015
Institute of Geophysics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine
Received 14 October 2014
Presented by Editorial Board Member T.P. Yegorova
Magnetic, gravity, geothermal, seismic and tomographic data from the lithosphere were first jointly examined. A multidisciplinary
interpretation has resulted in a new and consistent model for lithospheric density, magnetic, thermal and velocity heterogeneities.
Faults of different orders for the crystalline crust have been mapped in details. Large deep fault zones were recognized. Among them is
the most prominent Odessa-Sinop-Ordu (OSO) fault zone, which played a key role in the opening and development of the Black Sea
Depression. A fundamental difference was revealed between the crustal and mantle structure and geophysical parameters of the Western
Black Sea Basin (WBSB) and Eastern Black Sea Basin (EBSB). These dissimilarities are in the size of "non-granitic" crust, pattern
and intensity of heat flow, topography of the lower boundary of the thermal lithosphere, mantle seismic velocity and structure of magnetic
and residual gravity anomalies. Based on new information it was demonstrated that the WBSB and EBSB were diachronously formed on two
large distinct continental blocks with independent post-rift development of the sub-basins. The rifting of the western sub-basin commenced
earlier than that of the eastern one. The EBSB is characterized by younger thermal activity than the WBSB and consequently it was
stabilized later. The Mid Black Sea High (MBSH) is not a single tectonic unit but is formed by two ridges of various crystalline crustal
structure and age shifted relative to each other by the faults of the OSO zone.
Key words: The Black Sea basins, magnetics, gravity, heat flow, fault tectonics, seismic tomography, lithosphere heterogeneity.