Conditions of formation of ferruginous rocks of the Krivoy Rog-Kremenchug zone
© O.V. Usenko, 2015
Variation of lithosphere thickness during formation of the Krivoy Rog series of the Krivoy Rog-Kremenchug suture zone formation has been found.
Analysis of rock as-sociations differences of the greenstone structures of the Middle Dnieper mega-block of the Ukrainian Shield and the Krivoy
Rog suture zone has been conducted. It has been shown that the reason of variability of ferruginous formations is different composition of the fluid
interacting with the melt on the roof of partial melting layer. Before 2,8 Ga the influence of neutral aquatic fluids and weakly acid ones with chlorine
was essential. After 2,8 Ga the total amount of water dissolved in the mantle melts decreases and activity of alkaline fluids with fluorine was manifested
as well. It resulted in oxidation-reduction processes and subsequent subdivision into unmixed phases. These processes are related to evolution of deep
layers of the Earth.
Key words: ferruginous formations, Krivoy Rog-Krmenchug zone, geodynamic processes, geochemistry of iron, the role of fluid, evolution of the
composition of the fluid.